By Joseph C. Liao, Li-Ming Su
This e-book offers an outline of the present state-of-art in combining advances in biomedical imaging with intraoperative navigation and preoperative making plans for urologic surgical procedure. those advances carry nice promise in bettering diagnostic and healing urologic interventions to enhance sufferer results. best specialists during this interesting rising box covers early scientific and pre-clinical functions of optical, ultrasound, cross-sectional and computer-assisted imaging in urologic surgery.
Advances in Image-Guided Urologic Surgery offers a special and priceless source for viewers with medical and study curiosity in minimally invasive surgical procedure, endourology, urologic oncology, imaging and biomedical engineering.
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Extra resources for Advances in Image-Guided Urologic Surgery
Also conducted a meta-analysis in 1,040 patients having 1,476 tumors detected by biopsy . 03). NBI provides a clearer view of papillary lesions, better defines the extent and margins of CIS lesions from surrounding normal-appearing epithelium, and facilitates wider resection or fulguration of diseased mucosa (Fig. 7). NBI is usually used as an add-on procedure to WLI cystoscopy, raising a question of whether observer bias favors enhanced tumor detection after a “first-look” cystoscopy, because the same urologist usually performs NBI after first observation with WLI cystoscopy.
Subsequently, the OCT beam can be scanned across a tissue sample in the other lateral (y-) direction, resulting in a 3-dimensional image representation with acquisition speeds reported up to several volumes per second. Endoscopic OCT The development of optical fibres for light transport in telecommunication made fibre-based OCT systems possible. This has led to the development of ultrathin fibre-based sample arm devices that allowed endoscopic integration. Small OCT probes were first and mainly developed for cardiovascular applications, allowing visualisation of cardiovascular plaque, thrombi or stent placement.
The latter resulted in a decreased depth of optical imaging, because of the strong scattering in malignant cells. Finally, a higher vascularisation degree was found in tomograms of cancerous tissue . Studies on sensitivity and specificity of OCT on real time classifying bladder lesions as benign or malignant show high overall sensitivity of 100 %, overall specificity of 89 %, positive predictive value of 75 %, negative predictive value of 100 % and an accuracy of 92 % . Positive predictive value for invasion into the lamina propria was 90 % .
Advances in Image-Guided Urologic Surgery by Joseph C. Liao, Li-Ming Su