By Philip Lee
This booklet info the felony and ancient improvement of institutional and professorial educational freedoms to higher comprehend the connection among those thoughts. whereas a few judges and students have eager about the divergence of those protections, this ebook articulates an aligned thought that brings either the professorial and institutional theories jointly. It argues that whereas constitutionally established educational freedom does its task in conserving either private and non-private universities from over the top nation interference, or no less than it asks definitely the right questions, it really is insufficient since it fails to guard many person professors within the related method. This answer includes utilizing agreement legislations to fill within the gaps that constitutional legislation leaves open in regard to conserving person professors.
Contract legislations is an efficient replacement to constitutional legislations for 3 purposes. First, not like constitutional legislation, it covers professors at either private and non-private universities....
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Additional info for Academic Freedom at American Universities. Constitutional Rights, Professional Norms, and Contractual Duties
This was the first scheme in the country to channel public savings into nondeposit instruments like equity and corporate debt. UTI was established to fulfil the twin objectives of mobilizing retail savings and investing those savings in the capital market and passing on the benefits so accrued from the acquisition, holding, management and disposal of securities to the small investors. UTI, as on date, manages funds over Rs. 8 million investor accounts under 85 schemes. With a servicing and distribution network of 54 branch offices, 266 chief representatives and approximately 67,000 agents, UTI provides a complete range of services to its investors.
10. Soon, it became clear that an amendment to UTI Act 1963 was necessary to empower the Board of Trustees to make use of the reserves to differentiate the prices for sale and repurchases of units as and when necessary. A new subclause 5 was added in Clause 8 of US-64 to permit this. Using this provision, UTI made a block offer in July 1965, for a few weeks, priced at Rs. 15 per unit when the NAV of the unit was Rs. 45 per unit. Till 1968, this special sales price (SSP) was marginally below the NAVbased price.
The Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 5 December 1963 and the Rajya Sabha a week later. It received President S. Radhakrishnan’s consent on 30th December 1963 and became the UTI Act, 1963. The Unit Scheme 64 (US-64) was launched on 1 July 1964. This was the first scheme in the country to channel public savings into nondeposit instruments like equity and corporate debt. UTI was established to fulfil the twin objectives of mobilizing retail savings and investing those savings in the capital market and passing on the benefits so accrued from the acquisition, holding, management and disposal of securities to the small investors.
Academic Freedom at American Universities. Constitutional Rights, Professional Norms, and Contractual Duties by Philip Lee