By Robert Owen
In his early works Owen argues that, seeing that everyone is entirely shaped by way of their setting, schooling is the the most important consider reworking them. Later he got here to undertake way more radical positions, offering not anything under 'the emancipation of mankind' and the production of a 'new ethical world', a full-scale reorganization of British society, significant reforms of operating practices and the negative legislation and the institution of co-operative model.
Robert Owen (1771-1858) used to be a Welsh social reformer and one of many founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative flow. He labored within the cotton in Manchester prior to establishing a wide mill at New Lanark in Scotland.
George Claeys bought his PhD from the college of Cambridge and is now affiliate Professor of historical past at Washington University.
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Extra resources for A New View of Society and Other Writings (Penguin Classics)
451. 13 The relation between Owenism and phrenology is discussed in Roger Cooter, The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science. Phrenology and the Organization of Consent in Nineteenth-Century Britain (Cambridge University Press, 1984), pp. 224–55. 14 New Moral World, 24 May 1835, p. 388. 15 New Moral World, 10 May 1845, p. 365. 16 Frank Podmore, Robert Owen (Hutchinson, 1906), vol. 2, p. 645.
As ‘Social Father’ of the organization, which bore some resemblance to a small Protestant Dissenting sect, Owen retained virtually complete control over everyday operations until late 1844. But the Rational Society was also broadly democratic, with delegates elected from the branches meeting in annual congresses to help decide policy. Much of the success of the Society was owed to lecturers who circulated amongst the branches, speaking on popular topics like phrenology, mesmerism, and alternatives to liberal political economy.
For it was not only religion, but equally the system of private property and the subordination of all human affairs to the drive for profit, which he now believed prevented improvement. Reforming the Poor Laws and Factory Laws was now a hopeless course; only ‘the emancipation of mankind’ would suffice. Over the course of the next three years, therefore, culminating in the Report to the County of Lanark (1820), Owen gradually adopted the set of positions soon called ‘the social system’, or ‘socialism’ for short.
A New View of Society and Other Writings (Penguin Classics) by Robert Owen