By Nikolai Krementsov
Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the management of the Bolshevik social gathering in the course of its youth, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) used to be a visionary. In technology fiction novels set on Mars, Bogdanov imagined a destiny within which the employees of the area, liberated from capitalist exploitation, create a “physiological collective” that rejuvenates and unites its contributors via usual blood exchanges. yet Bogdanov was once now not basically a dreamer. He labored tirelessly to popularize and discover his imaginative and prescient, founding the 1st learn institute dedicated to the technology of blood transfusion.
In A Martian Stranded on Earth, the 1st broad-based e-book on Bogdanov in English, Nikolai Krementsov examines Bogdanov’s roles as innovative, novelist, and scientist, proposing his protagonist as a coherent philosopher who pursued his principles in quite a lot of venues. in the course of the lens of Bogdanov’s involvement with blood reports on one hand, and of his fictional and philosophical writings at the different, Krementsov deals a nuanced research of the interactions among clinical principles and societal values.
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Extra info for A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science
21 After outlining the early history of blood transfusions and the discovery of blood groups, Kukoverov detailed the experiences with blood transfusions gathered during the Great War, which had prompted important developments in the technique and the organization of services for blood transfusion in the West, particularly the United States. He even provided a brief summary of reports on blood transfusions presented at the first postwar international congress of surgeons held in 1920 in Paris. He also described the efforts of Odessa surgeons and researchers—endorsed by the Odessa Medical Society—in developing reliable transfusion techniques.
17 But he did not abandon his philosophical interests. In 1902, in an influential monthly, Education, Bogdanov published an abridged but updated version of his “synthesis” of Marxism and Darwinism under the title “The Development of Life in Nature and Society” (Bogdanov 1902). During the next two years, in the leading Russian philosophical journal of the time, Questions of Philosophy and Psychology, Bogdanov published a series of articles expanding and updating his “monistic” views on psychology, interrelations of psychic and biological evolution, and “ideals of cognition” (Bogdanov 1903a, 1903b, 1904b).
43 These developments demonstrate convincingly that during the early 1920s, a number of individual practitioners and several research groups were actively engaged in blood transfusions in Russia. Inspired by the successes of their Western colleagues, they elaborated original X 31 X Chapter 2 X 32 X techniques, perfected methods of blood typing, created the necessary equipment, manufactured standard sera, and publicized the uses of blood transfusions in surgical and therapeutic practice. They reported their findings to professional meetings and published them in professional periodicals.
A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science by Nikolai Krementsov