By Martin Kitchen
This enticing textbook offers a large survey of contemporary German background from 1800-2000, and situates Germany’s fragmented prior inside of its complete context. Kitchen:Provides readers an extended view of German heritage, permitting them to see continuities and adjustments Covers the unification of Germany, the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, the 3rd Reich, the Federal Republic, the cave in of Communism, and the re-unification Examines cultural heritage in addition to political and fiscal historical past contains assurance of local background instead of concentrating on the dominant function of Prussia
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Additional resources for A History Of Modern Germany 1800-2000
An interdisciplinary education in the humanities was designed to create well-rounded individuals rather than narrow specialists. In his inaugural address as rector Fichte announced: “The true life-giving breath of the university. . ” This was an expression of the all too often derided German notion of freedom as inward, subjective, and metapolitical. In fact GERMANY UNDER NAPOLEON 21 the reformers who espoused these lofty ideas were eminently political. They looked in horror at the enormities committed in the name of freedom, and insisted that a people could only be genuinely free by thoroughgoing individualization.
Even the emperor was infected with such nationalistic rhetoric, and the Archduke Karl appealed to all German patriots to join in the struggle against France and for a reborn empire. The poetic notion that the people would arise and a storm would be unleashed was hopelessly unrealistic. The regular army was no match for Napoleon’s and the GERMANY UNDER NAPOLEON 13 new Territorial Army (Landwehr) was militarily worthless. This fact was somewhat obscured by Napoleon’s first defeat at Aspern in May 1809 as he attempted to cross the Danube.
The notion that in 1813 “a people arose, a storm burst forth” is a romantic myth. Amid widespread indifference the conservative forces braced themselves to undo the work of the reformers. They were largely successful, but the bourgeoisie had made important inroads into the old order, and the outcome of this struggle was no foregone conclusion. The reformers insisted that a society of free citizens with careers open to the talents had to be well educated. Throughout Germany the educational system was in disarray.
A History Of Modern Germany 1800-2000 by Martin Kitchen